Paraphrasing | Rewriting
is needed when the tone, message clarity, impression
emotive impact need to be improved. An experienced writer is able
to gauge these qualities and make the necessary changes. Business and
other writers however get entrapped in stilted, unnatural language
style that has become dated.
reconstructs a piece of original writing to make it clearer,
reduce the fog factor and create a more appropriate communication tone.
(Note that there is nothing wrong with the original construction shown
below. However, rewriting will change its tone and
inflection and make other subtle differences.) ...more
is used to clarify information. In many instances a piece of text can
be reworded more plainly, distinctly or more understandably.
Explain complex information. Complex jargon or cant
may need to be paraphrased or reworded, to make the information more
conversational or less esoteric so that the writing can be more easily
understood by a reader.
Paraphrasing helps make text more readable, and
helps reduce the fog factor. Difficult words and/or complex sentences
are reworded or rewritten to be more easily accepted and appreciated.
Paraphrasing is also used to avoid plagiarism.
However, while the original author's choice of words and expressions
may be rephrased or paraphrased, the ideas and concepts must still be
accredited to the original writer. For students, paraphrasing
demonstrates that the student understands the subject, and is able to
express its concepts and ideas in his or her own words.
How To Paraphrase
Thoroughly understand the text that you intend to
paraphrase. Read it enough times that you grasp the meaning fully.
Use a dictionary to look up difficult words or
phrases you do not understand. You will also need a comprehensive
thesaurus to identify correct and suitable synonyms. Be very
careful when using a thesaurus. Though synonyms are supposed to be
close in meanings, they are not interchangeable and some synonyms may
be totally unsuitable in the sentence's context.
Write down your understanding of the text's
intended meaning in your own words.
Sentences will need to be rearranged and
restructured if you are paraphrasing large blocks of text.
Paraphrased text is approximately the same length
as the original material. Paraphrasing is different than summarizing,
though both processes may be necessary in certain circumstances.
Confirm that what you have paraphrased has the same
meaning and message as the original text. Do not editorialize or angle
Whatever you paraphrase should express complete
ideas and be able to stand by itself. If the paraphrase doesn’t seem
lucid or ordered, it will need to be rewritten.
- When paraphrasing remember that the ideas you are
expressing are not yours. Paraphrasing is only meant to demonstrate
that you understand the
concepts expressed. Acceptable citation methods must be used to
give credit to the original authors.
When you finish, check that your paraphrases are
completely in your own words, correctly express the meaning of the
original text, are logical and comprehensible, and that you have cited
the original source.